The purpose of this Capstone Research Project is to bring awareness and prompt lawmakers, Office of the District Attorney, State and Federal Police Departments and the general public. Creating forensic mobile units will allow a reduction of timelines in processing DNA rape kits, gun tracking, ballistics results and forensic backlog.
Police departments nationwide are under the misguided impression that because of their size they lack the operational capacity to appreciate fully the benefits of DNA evidence recovery and forensic examination. Whether the impression found is simply in the number of human resources with state of the art equipment. No police department is exempt from the power of forensic technology and the value it brings to law enforcement service delivery.
Notwithstanding their size, law enforcement organization must utilize the full potential of all the scientific technology available to them; the advancement of such technology coupled with the power of DNA in the retrospective investigation of crime has produced highly effective results for Americans policing and has paved new roads for investigators .
Currently, there is not an industry wide definition of forensic backlog. In some jurisdiction, the timeline begins when law enforcement collects evidence. While in other cases, it is when the police evidence room submits it to the state crime laboratory. Philadelphia processed rape kits in the fall of 2019, dating back from the 1980's and 1990's.
Urban cities throughout this country have an alarming rate of unsolved homicide and rape cases. Reducing forensic backlog of DNA samples awaiting analysis must be a subject of concern in the House of Representatives, United States Congress and Senate.